France Travel And Tourism Industry

France is a top-tier tourist destination, boasting an incredible array of architectural marvels, culinary specialties, and culturally distinct regions. In 2019, France welcomed 83.7 million tourists, making it one of the most popular travel and tourism destinations in the world. Tourism has had a dramatic impact on the country’s economy, providing over 12 percent of its GDP in 2019. Travelers from around the globe flock to France to experience its unique blend of historical and cultural splendor.

Pros. Tourism has had a significant positive effect on France’s economy. It has created hundreds of thousands of jobs, with the region’s employment rate standing at 75.5 percent in 2019, up from 67.8 percent in 2009. France’s tourism industry is also credited with driving up the GDP per capita, with a current average of about $41,000. Additionally, the country’s tourism sector has had a significant impact on its overall GDP growth rate, which has remained at a consistently high level over the past decade.

The tourism industry has also had a positive impact on France’s culture. Tourists often bring a better understanding of other countries and cultures that can be shared with locals and enrich the experience of both groups. Cultural exchange contributes to a stronger sense of global citizenship and mutual understanding. Tourists to France also bring an influx of ideas and investments that can lead to expanded economic opportunities.

The tourism industry has also had a positive impact on local businesses and communities. Tourists bring in large sums of money to the areas they visit, resulting in increased employment opportunities, increased local investment, improved infrastructure, and expanded educational initiatives. These are all beneficial aspects for both the local population and the nation as a whole.

Cons. Along with the positive impacts, however, the tourism industry can also have a negative effect on France’s economy and culture. The large influx of tourists can cause an over-saturation of the market, resulting in higher prices for existing goods and services as well as a decreased quality of service and accommodation. This can lead to a decrease in the overall standards of living in certain areas, making them less attractive destinations for visitors.

Tourism can also have a negative impact on the environment. Heavy commercial tourism can cause over-consumption, leading to over-use of resources such as water and fuel. This, in turn, can have a detrimental effect on local ecosystems and natural habitats. Additionally, it can lead to the destruction of local cultures and traditions that had been present in an area for many generations.

Furthermore, large numbers of tourists can lead to overcrowding and other public order issues, making it difficult for local law enforcement to manage the situation. This can lead to an increase in crime, violence, and other lawless behaviours that can create an unpleasant atmosphere.


The tourism industry in France has had a positive and negative impact on the country’s economy and culture. On the one hand, it has provided economic opportunities and a strong GDP growth rate. On the other hand, it has caused over-saturation of the market, environmental destruction, and disturbances to public order. Therefore, it is essential that the community, government, and local businesses collaborate to ensure that the positive impacts of tourism outweigh the negative ones.

Shirley Blanc

Shirley J. Blanc is a French expat and a passionate Francophile. She has been living in France for over a decade, and loves to share her experiences and knowledge about the country with others. Shirley has written extensively on topics such as French culture, language, travel, and cuisine.

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